The more I study microbes – bacteria and viruses – the more I am convinced that Germ Theory is at best a half truth – that is, the theory that specific microbes are responsible for specific diseases. A more accurate view seems to be … specific microbes cause various diseases IF they are subjected to conditions which cause them to mutate and become virulent. Following are some links exploring this idea WRT viruses.
Jack Challem Review Article on www.drpasswater.com http://www.drpasswater.com/nutrition_library/selenium_aids.html
Melinda Beck (2007) Selenium and Vitamin E Status: Impact on Viral Pathogenicity http://jn.nutrition.org/content/137/5/1338.short
Article by Melinda Beck on virus mutation in Cuba following severe national malnutrition after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1989. Mention of enterovirus http://images.abbottnutrition.com/ANHI2010/MEDIA/111th-conference-report-6-6-11.pdf#page=65
Is Selenium Deficiency Behind Ebola, AIDS and Other Deadly Infections?
Taylor: Selenium and Viral Diseases – Facts & Hypotheses (1997) http://orthomolecular.org/library/jom/1997/pdf/1997-v12n04-p227.pdf
Harthill Review Article on Selenium Deficiency
Review_ Micronutrient Selenium Deficiency Influences Evolution of Some Viral Infectious Diseases – Springer
Oldfield’s Selenium Atlas http://www.369.com.cn/hcvenglish/Se%20Atlas%202002.pdf
The author has been unable to locate selenium status maps for the entire continent of Africa, although one would expect to find a wide range of selenium supply levels. Much excellent mineral experimentation has been done in South Africa, and an early paper (Tustin, 1959) attests to occurrence of selenium-responsive white muscle disease there. Interestingly, a recent paper (Van Niekirk et al., 1996) cautions against dosing sheep with selenium in reproduction during the time implantation is underway. Studies at the University of Pretoria have identified areas of Selenium deficiency in the Natal Midlands, based both on whole blood selenium levels and on glutathione peroxidase activity (Van Ryssen and Bradford, 1992). Van Ryssen (2001) of the University of Pretoria has summarized the available information on South African selenium status in map form (Figure 36). Marginal to acute Se deficiencies have been reported in the Midlands region and the mountainous area of KwaZulu-Natal province and the southern part of Western Cape province. Fairly large areas in the west-central part of the country appear to be selenium-sufficient. The situation is complicated by local choices of forage plants and many cases of definite Se-deficiency are associated with diets that are principally lucerne (alfalfa). Considerable analytical data, including selenium values, have been assembled for various African countries. For example, a study of trace element levels has been carried out with several population groups in Burundi (Bensmariya et al., 1993). Investigators noted that intake of selenium by a rural population was very low – about on the scale of the Keshan disease area in China, and they attributed this in part, at least, to a very low consumption of fish by the study group. They have charted the contributions of various local food groups to total selenium intake (Figure 38). From studies of goiter and thyroid deficiency, it was learned that that condition is aggravated by a deficiency of selenium, and a belt of severe Se deficiency was identified in Central Africa (Vanderpas et al., 1990). Mpofu et al. (1999) have identified selenium deficiency symptoms in cattle in the smallholder grazing areas of Sanyati and Chinamhora, in Zimbabwe, and have provided a map, locating these areas (Figure 37). Plasma selenium in the dry season was 0.017, 0.025 and 0.017 µg/ ml for calves, steers and cows.
So it appears that Harthill bases the yellow areas in W. Central Africa (her Fig. 1) perhaps on Vanderpas, et. al. Here’s the link to that abstract http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/52/6/1087.short … so this would need to be checked before we can deem Harthill’s map reliable.
Major increase in human monkeypox incidence 30 years after smallpox vaccination campaigns cease in the Democratic Republic of Congo http://www.pnas.org/content/107/37/16262
Monkeypox and smallpox genome comparison http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0014579301031441
Deadly Companions: How Microbes Shaped our History – LINK
Ebola virus is mutating … http://www.bbc.com/news/health-31019097
Enterovirus, not ebola is the disease worth worrying about. http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2014/10/02/enterovirus-not-ebola-is-the-disease-worth-worrying-about
Measles and Measles Vaccines: 14 Things To Consider (2014)
Large Mumps Outbreak in Highly Vaccinated Populations, New England Journal of Medicine
Effect of Stress on the Immune System http://www.scienceagogo.com/news/20131005192722data_trunc_sys.shtml
Possible effect of immunizations on the thymus https://books.google.com/books?id=EQHPoGs6CvIC&pg=PA17&lpg=PA17&dq=thymus+damage+immunization&source=bl&ots=ZdYDENUirj&sig=pXS2BTz5Ubrrxx3TXZpnWVpa1Mc&hl=en&sa=X&ei=XVPXVKbfFZCWoQTe84HwDQ&ved=0CCQQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=thymus%20damage%20immunization&f=false
Flu Vaccine Lowers Immunity (Journal of Virology 2011) http://jvi.asm.org/content/85/22/11995.abstract?sid=80ff3521-f359-4db5-b453-e71cb8a8a7ea
Influenza Vaccines: Time for a Rethink (JAMA Internal Medicine 2013) http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleID=1669112
Universal immunity to influenza must outwit immune evasion (2014) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4054793/
Recent paper on a possible connection of Ebola to selenium deficiency urging proactive stance http://pubs.sciepub.com/ajidm/2/6A/1/ajidm-2-6A-1.pdf
Wild herbivores and selenium http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10344-012-0645-z
Effect of Vaccines on the Canine Immune System, Phillips et al (1989) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1255540/pdf/cjvetres00050-0034.pdf
Taylor paper on selenium with 106 cites http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02778984
Lancet paper on the importance of selenium to human health (2600 citations) http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(00)02490-9/abstract
Soil-type influences human selenium status and underlies widespread selenium deficiency risks in Malawi, Hurst et al (2013)
Mice and the thymus – Robert Rowen MD https://www.facebook.com/DrRobertJRowen/posts/327878564076818?fref=nf
Walene James on Immunizations and Thymus Damage https://books.google.com/books?id=EQHPoGs6CvIC&pg=PA17&lpg=PA17&dq=walene+james+thymus+damage&source=bl&ots=ZdYDKFWevi&sig=K2xF6OkJ8xTHl9UtxcIaLTTxQO4&hl=en&sa=X&ei=BEnfVIHmDMiYNoPEgrAB&sqi=2&ved=0CCUQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=walene%20james%20thymus%20damage&f=false